The Gender Revolution: Uneven and Stalled
DOI link for The Gender Revolution: Uneven and Stalled
The Gender Revolution: Uneven and Stalled book
This chapter shows the uneven nature of gender change. It argues that there has been little cultural or institutional change in the devaluation of traditionally female activities and jobs, and as a result, women have had more incentive than men to move into gender-nontraditional activities and positions. Most of the changes in the gender system heralded as "revolutionary" involve women moving into positions and activities previously limited to men, with few changes in the opposite direction. When women transgress gender barriers to enter "male" jobs, they too may be socially penalized for violating norms, but for many this is offset by the economic gain. While liberal individualism encourages a commitment to "free choice" gender egalitarianism, ironically, orienting toward gender-typical paths has probably been encouraged by the emerging form of individualism that stresses finding and expressing one's "true self.".